The key objective of Ear Infection Treatment generally entails getting rid of the underlying reasons, obliterating any attacking bacteria, giving the immune system a boost and allaying swell up in the Eustachian tubes.
Conventionally Used Ear Infection Treatment Alternatives
Ear infection frequently develops due to a virus and the sole respite which physicians could provide is treating the symptoms. This could comprise of reducing swell up in the Eustachian tubes by using decongestants (like pseudoephedrine) and antihistamines (probably diphenhydramine). One needs to bear in mind that ear infections would not be cured with an antihistamine and could lead to some side-effects like feeling drowsy or anxiety.
For easing ear infection-related pain, a physician could advice pain allaying medications, classically ibuprofen, acetaminophen that would additionally assist in reducing fever. Aspirin is contraindicated among kids due to the risk of developing Reye’s syndrome.
Disagreements continue to encase antibiotic usage in curing bacteria-caused middle ear infections. Firstly, several doctors cure ear infection symptoms while not taking the assistance of bacteria-annihilating medications. Several research findings have indicated that most ear infections would show improvement when this course of treatment is followed. Other studies actually suggest that several ear infections are caused due to virus and hence would not show response to antibiotics.
However, a number of physicians, especially in the United States have raised concerns that in the absence of antibiotics, bacterial forms present within the middle ear could develop uninhibited and probably lead to grave complications like mastoiditis (auditory loss). To be on the safer end, several U.S. doctors continue to cure ear infections by treating them as though they were caused due to bacteria.
Among antibiotics, Amoxicillin continues to be the preferred ear infection treatment option and is vastly effectual and cost-effective – a solo course of this antibiotic could clear out ear infection within a week to ten days time.
But recently, physicians have spotted that several bacterial forms have developed resistance to amoxicillin. As a result, physicians have started prescribing alternatives to amoxicillin that are costlier and belong to the category of drugs known as cephalosporins or combo medications (for example, clavulanate, amoxicillin). In case of people who experience allergy due to amoxicillin, physicians could advice erythromycin merged with sulfisoxazole (a sulpha medication) or sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim.
In case ear infection leads to a grave complication or in case fluid stays within the ear for over 3 months then surgical elimination of infection or draining the middle ear would be done. In a method known as myringotomy, the eardrum is pierced for releasing fluid present in the mid ear. In case total blockage of Eustachian tubes has occurred as a result of swelling then a ventilation tube might be inserted via the ear drum while fluid drainage is done in the ear for drying out the area at the backside of the eardrum, allaying pains and improving hearing. The method is known as tympanostomy and atypically causes infections and scars, however is designed to offer long-term problem-free outcomes. In case tonsil (adenoid) infections continue to recur and lead to repetitive ear infections then a doctor might recommend removal of the offending tissues.