Treatment for Diabetes

A new-fangled transplant treatment for diabetes could spell the end to insulin shots for controlling diabetes and preventing grave hypoglycaemic episodes.

Diabetes is a prevalent long-standing condition wherein glucose levels in blood are quite soaring due to the body’s inability of appropriately using it. This occurs due to pancreas inept at producing any or adequate insulin.

Due to dearth of insulin for transporting glucose to other organs, the elevated blood glucose levels could have a damaging effect on the tissues and could cause sightlessness, failed kidney functioning, cardiac attack, limbs might need to be amputated and stroke.

People with dangerously low blood glucose levels need hospitalization for treating them.

Several individuals need to take lifelong daily insulin injections for which they have to compute the amount of glucose they would require for processing glucose in food that could be tricky task for gauging. However, it appears to work for half the diabetics having hypoglycaemia problems and recommended dosage for some people could be increased.

Excess insulin could lead to hypoglycaemia attack, when blood glucose levels plummet to dangerous lows that could cause coma and also fatality. The caveat indications of hypoglycaemia attack are extreme starvation pains and blurred eyesight. In other situations, several diabetics have been observed to pass into a coma without prior caveats.

Finger-pierce test are the norm for diabetics to check on their blood glucose levels. In this test, a blood droplet drawn following perforation to a finger tip that is to be placed on a strip that shows blood glucose levels and amount of insulin needed for injection.

But, irrespective of how meticulously one tries to do the finger-prick test, it is difficult in gauging precisely the amount of insulin required. Often the quantity and the instances when one eats, sleeps and exercises could all influence this.

Pump therapy is a form of treatment for diabetes wherein insulin delivery is done via catheter which is placed underneath the skin. The diabetic self-administers the insulin dosage when pressure is applied to the pump.

Pancreas transplant procedure is a major procedure at times recommended to diabetics wherein the pancreas which have insulin-producing cells are transplanted. Recuperation period following this surgery is about 3-6 months.

Islet cell transplantation is another kind of treatment for diabetes wherein insulin-producing islet cells rather than the complete pancreas is transplanted. Associated risks comprise of life-long immunosuppressant intake for stopping the body from discarding the donor cells, leaving them prone to turning anaemic, becoming cancerous or developing infection.

The lifespan of donor cells is 1-5 years and there is mostly shortage of donors. Hence, in case diabetics have critical issues due to hypoglycaemia then another transplantation procedure would be recommended.

Islet cell transplantation procedure is a thirty-minute lasting method wherein a dye in injected intravenously that is leading to the liver so that it appears on the X-rays. A needle is then inserted inside the vein and the islet cells delivered to the patient. The islet cells then stay in the liver and start producing insulin.

This procedure wipes out the monotonous need of day-to-day monitoring or shots and no more hypoglycaemia attacks or chances of the patients passing into coma is also eliminated.

Borderline Diabetes Antecedent To A Grave Condition

Individuals with borderline diabetes (prediabetes) have above-normal blood sugar levels though not reached a degree to signify diabetes. The condition earlier was known as borderline diabetes and largely individuals are asymptomatic, however they are deemed to be at a greater risk of developing cardiovascular ailment.

Usually, insulin hormone is produced by our bodies to aid the cells in using glucose or energy present in foods. But among diabetics their bodies are either not making sufficient insulin or not effectually utilizing the insulin it does manufacture. Glucose building up in the blood could have a damaging effect on the small blood vessels present in the eyes, kidney, cardiovascular & nervous system.

In borderline diabetes condition, the fine insulin-glucose equilibrium goes for a toss. Pancreas might become incapable of producing sufficient insulin post-meal for clearing the inward bound glucose from blood. Cells might develop insulin resistance wherein they wouldn’t permit insulin in escorting glucose from the blood within them. Excess glucose presence in the blood could make the person hyperglycaemic or have elevated blood sugar. Presence of squat blood sugar level makes a person hypoglycaemic.

 

In case you have been diagnosed with borderline diabetes, you are at greater risk of getting type II diabetes and grave medical conditions linked to diabetes, inclusive of cardiovascular ailment & strokes. Such a person would also be at a fifty percent greater risk for cardiovascular ailment & strokes as compared to those not having borderline diabetes.

Borderline Diabetes Diagnosis

Duo American Diabetes Association-backed diagnostic blood tests are prevalently deployed for determining whether a person is diabetic or having prediabetes namely OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test) and FPGT (fasting plasma glucose test) which do a measurement of how soon the body would be clearing glucose from the bloodstream.

FPGT – It could be performed following an overnight fasting or subsequent to an 8-hr fasting in the day. It is a comparatively simple, low-priced test. Subsequent to have fasted, a basic blood test does a measurement of glucose levels prior to re-eating. The test outcomes suggest if blood sugar level is normal or if one has borderline diabetes or diabetes. Normal measurement means a reading below a hundred milligrams/decilitre post-fasting glucose test. Borderline diabetes means test result lying amid a hundred and 125 milligrams/decilitre following an entire night or 8-hr fasting and individuals with such outcomes would be having IFG (impaired fasting glucose). Any test result of 126 milligrams/decilitre or more is indicative of diabetes.

OGTT - This test generally necessitates that the person firstly undergo fasting glucose test. He/she is then offered an elevated-glucose dosage mix to be ingested for challenging the body into clearing glucose from the bloodstream. Subsequent to duo hours, the blood glucose test is re-done. The concluding test outcomes are indicative of whether one is having normal amounts of blood sugar or with borderline diabetes or diabetes. Any result below 140 milligrams/decilitre following orally taken glucose tolerance test is deemed normal. Blood sugar reading between 140 and 199 milligrams/decilitre is prediabetes diagnosis & deemed to have IGT. Any reading of two hundred or more milligrams/decilitre is a diabetes diagnosis.

How pervasive is prediabetes?

According to the CDC estimation, nearly fifty-seven million people in the U.S. lying in the age band of twenty years or more have borderline diabetes. This figure is on the basis of nationwide data of individuals that have had an IFG diagnosis. Prediabetes mustn’t be overlooked as it is signalling the possible inception of a rather grave condition & could start the process of doing harm to key organs of the body.

Lifestyle Tweaks for People with Borderline Diabetes

Simple amendments in lifestyle could assist individuals with borderline diabetes in delaying or also preventing – the inception of full-throttle diabetes like:

  • Weight reduction for getting overall weight to a close-to-normal range in accordance to height could lower risk for type II diabetes. Just a loss of five to ten percent surplus body weight could be helpful.
  • Research has shown that doing moderate intensity exercises for half-an-hour daily – like cycle, swim or do brisk walks could help in preventing & managing diabetes. Doing aerobics exercises – the type that revs up cardiac rate to one’s targeted cardiac rate is deemed best for weight reduction & averting borderline diabetes from developing in type II diabetes.
  • Wholesome meals that are well-balanced with less fat proteins, veggies & whole-grain could aid in preventing borderline diabetes from turning into true diabetes. Calorific control, avoid super-sized portions, & less-sugars, less-carbs options are of paramount importance. Consuming ample fibre daily would additionally be helpful.
  • Since high blood pressure is linked to type II diabetes hence keep blood pressure within or near normal range could aid in delaying & controlling diabetes.

Juvenile Diabetes & Flying – What You Need to Know

Type I diabetes occurs so prevalently in kids, adult & adolescent populaces that it is at times known as juvenile diabetes typified by incapability of producing insulin. As a result glucose accumulation in the blood leads to myriad health complications when elevated levels aren’t treated or managed timely. Hence these people need to introduce insulin in their blood via shots or insulin pumps.

For people with juvenile diabetes who plan to fly, the TSA has put in place several security measures that could be impacting them. Based on what the intended destinations are & latest security procedures, storage of any gel & liquid is to be done in a certain manner, & particular objects may be proscribed in carry on bags.

Any gel, aerosol, liquid – like beverage, shampoos, hair sprays, sun tanning lotions, toothpastes & cream – in carry on luggage should be placed in container that is three oz. or lesser. Any gel, aerosol or liquid is such sized containers should be fitting in a solo, quart-sized, zipped top, transparent plastic pouch or bag – merely a single one permitted for an air-traveller – that would have to be taken out from one’s carry on luggage & put in a container when passing X-ray scan or optionally they must be packaged in baggage which one does not intend to carry on. Ideally avoid carrying on liquid/ gel which one would not truly require when travelling.

For ensuring health of those travelling, more than three oz. of the below mentioned items are allowed in sufficient levels; however such exemptions must be put forth to the security officials at checkpoints.

  • Infant formulas, breast milk & juices in case an infant or small children travellers.
  • Prescription-only & OTC medicines.
  • Liquid inclusive of water, juices or fluid nutrition for those with juvenile diabetes who may need juices for raising their blood glucose levels.
  • Life support & life sustenance fluids like some blood product.
  • Some gel or liquid needed medically or cosmetically.

In case sufficient quantities more than three oz. of any of the just mentioned products are necessary when travelling then one would have to segregate the products from the quart-sized, zipped-top purse and inform a security official at checkpoints that one is carting such products & presenting them for further check at X-ray.

Moreover, liquids, gels or some spray procured in the secure vicinity subsequent to have cleared security check-point is permitted on flight, hence it may be beneficial to purchase additional juice containers one might require no sooner one has arrived in the airport.

Also people with juvenile diabetes must be notifying the security official about their condition & intentions to carry their provisions along with them. Here are some of the diabetes-linked items & equipments permissible via checkpoints no sooner have their screening been done.

  • No limits on the numbers of non-used syringe when escorted by insulin or some injecting medicines.
  • Lancet, blood sugar meter & testing strips, meter checking solution, alcoholic pads.
  • Insulin pumps & stores (cleansing agent, battery, plastic tubings, infusion kits, needles & catheters) which should be accompanying insulin.
  • Glucagon emergency kits.
  • Single use container (Sharps disposal container) or analogous tough-surfaced containers to store used-up syringe & testing strip.
  • Urine ketone testing strip.
  • Insulin & insulin-filled dispenser items (vial or boxes of single phials, biojector, infuser, jet injector, pre-loaded plungers, epipen).

Clear identification of insulin in any dispensers or forms is to be done. For those people with concerns or not comfortable in regards to passing via the walk-in metal detectors along with their insulin pumps should inform security officials that one is donning one & would prefer a complete body pat down & an ocular examination of it as an alternative. Security officers should be informed that removal of the insulin pump could not be possible since its insertion is done with needle or catheter underneath the skin’s surface. Also inform the security official in case one experiences squat blood glucose levels & require medical help.

Juvenile Diabetes Flying What You Need To Know

Type I diabetes occurs so prevalently in kids, adult & adolescent populaces that it is at times known as juvenile diabetes typified by incapability of producing insulin. As a result glucose accumulation in the blood leads to myriad health complications when elevated levels aren’t treated or managed timely. Hence these people need to introduce insulin in their blood via shots or insulin pumps.

For people with juvenile diabetes who plan to fly, the TSA has put in place several security measures that could be impacting them. Based on what the intended destinations are & latest security procedures, storage of any gel & liquid is to be done in a certain manner, & particular objects may be proscribed in carry on bags.

Any gel, aerosol, liquid – like beverage, shampoos, hair sprays, sun tanning lotions, toothpastes & cream – in carry on luggage should be placed in container that is three oz. or lesser. Any gel, aerosol or liquid is such sized containers should be fitting in a solo, quart-sized, zipped top, transparent plastic pouch or bag – merely a single one permitted for an air-traveller – that would have to be taken out from one’s carry on luggage & put in a container when passing X-ray scan or optionally they must be packaged in baggage which one does not intend to carry on. Ideally avoid carrying on liquid/ gel which one would not truly require when travelling.

For ensuring health of those travelling, more than three oz. of the below mentioned items are allowed in sufficient levels; however such exemptions must be put forth to the security officials at checkpoints.

  • Infant formulas, breast milk & juices in case an infant or small children travellers.
  • Prescription-only & OTC medicines.
  • Liquid inclusive of water, juices or fluid nutrition for those with juvenile diabetes who may need juices for raising their blood glucose levels.
  • Life support & life sustenance fluids like some blood product.
  • Some gel or liquid needed medically or cosmetically.

In case sufficient quantities more than three oz. of any of the just mentioned products are necessary when travelling then one would have to segregate the products from the quart-sized, zipped-top purse and inform a security official at checkpoints that one is carting such products & presenting them for further check at X-ray.

Moreover, liquids, gels or some spray procured in the secure vicinity subsequent to have cleared security check-point is permitted on flight, hence it may be beneficial to purchase additional juice containers one might require no sooner one has arrived in the airport.

Also people with juvenile diabetes must be notifying the security official about their condition & intentions to carry their provisions along with them. Here are some of the diabetes-linked items & equipments permissible via checkpoints no sooner have their screening been done.

  • No limits on the numbers of non-used syringe when escorted by insulin or some injecting medicines.
  • Lancet, blood sugar meter & testing strips, meter checking solution, alcoholic pads.
  • Insulin pumps & stores (cleansing agent, battery, plastic tubings, infusion kits, needles & catheters) which should be accompanying insulin.
  • Glucagon emergency kits.
  • Single use container (Sharps disposal container) or analogous tough-surfaced containers to store used-up syringe & testing strip.
  • Urine ketone testing strip.
  • Insulin & insulin-filled dispenser items (vial or boxes of single phials, biojector, infuser, jet injector, pre-loaded plungers, epipen).

Clear identification of insulin in any dispensers or forms is to be done. For those people with concerns or not comfortable in regards to passing via the walk-in metal detectors along with their insulin pumps should inform security officials that one is donning one & would prefer a complete body pat down & an ocular examination of it as an alternative. Security officers should be informed that removal of the insulin pump could not be possible since its insertion is done with needle or catheter underneath the skin’s surface. Also inform the security official in case one experiences squat blood glucose levels & require medical help.

Adult Onset Diabetes Mellitus Management through Nutritional Medicine

Adult onset diabetes mellitus is a condition wherein elevated sugar levels spill over into urine (honey urine), & is almost unanimously associated with excess consumption of simple carbs in dietetic intake. Four percent of the populace is medically identified with this condition which has turned out to be the seventh prime reason for mortality in the United States & occurrences are on the rise.

The evangel here is that ninety percent of all NIDD (non-insulin dependent diabetes) patients could ably resolve their condition when they achieve their ideal weight & eat a well-balanced dietetic intake.

When adult onset diabetes mellitus is not controlled it could cause complications like untimely cardiovascular ailment, strokes, ASVD (arteriosclerotic vascular disease) & ultimately lower extremity gangrene, vision failure & malfunctioning pancreas. There’s a noteworthy genic constituent to this condition.

As diet holds immense importance in controlling the condition, hence here’s a detailed guide to understanding the use of Nutritional Medicine for managing adult onset diabetes mellitus.

Dietetic amendments are to be done in a gradual, loving, over-patient & persistent manner as many people have strong attachments to their foods & to make alterations at such an elemental level was never easy. Though difficult, this goal is attainable and taking this stand would be truly life-saving.
Begin with removing any type of sugared food item from the house. The answer to controlling DM or diabetes mellitus is fundamentally lesser or zero processed sugar, revving up intake of raw food, complex carbs, less-fat, fibre-rich intake while avoid going overboard with fruits. Sugar that has undergone processing, bleaching or chemical alteration, or any white flour-based & snow sugar based foods spell disaster for diabetics. Living such a fast-paced existence, many of us veer strongly towards fast foods. Real foods prepared from wholesome constituents, generally would be taking additional time & efforts in preparing. Hence, the foremost adjustment one would require making is not just to evade calorie-laden fast foods, however create time in one’s schedules for prioritizing things like shopping for fresh produce of fruit, veggie varieties twice or thrice per week, eating homemade meals are frequently as possible, learning & using steamers more often, avoid frying foods, aerated beverages & being in the companionship of those who think and eat healthy.

Another crucial practice for management of adult onset diabetes involves:
  • Eating five to six mini meals all through the day.
  • Never allowing yourself to be famished as one is more prone to engaging in unhealthy snacking.

A rationale for not eating three huge meals daily is sparing the pancreas the tolling it goes through for manufacturing adequate insulin for keeping glucose in blood from permeating cells among diabetes mellitus patients. When there is crucial deficit of ample glucose to the brain, the person could suffer from diabetic coma, passing out, & even dying. Insulin administration is the answer to treating diabetic coma. Also one must be doing whatever necessary to avert dependence on insulin shots.

Nutritional medicine involves the incorporation of the below mentioned foods to prolong action of conciliated insulin reserves.

  • Onion, garlic are food options that could be copiously deployed into diet. The mantra is ‘Experimenting’ – have you baked onions alongside yam or potato – a scrumptious yet simple recipe – even garlic on baking tastes great and one could prepare gourmand onions-based soups. Invest in a press for getting crush garlic effectually.
  • Try eating curative foods that are inulin-rich (an insulin analog – a modified version of insulin) like parsley, artichokes, burdock.
  • Chromium is the mainstay component in a crucial molecule known as GTF or glucose tolerance factor. Studies have found it to be necessary for allowing insulin in doing its task to get sugar inside the cells where it could be deployed as energy for the complete body. Food varieties high in chromium include:
    • Lean cuts of beef.
    • Whole-wheat breads.
    • Baker’s yeast.
    • Oyster.
    • Wheat bran.
    • Potato.
    • Calf liver.
    • Rye-based breads.

    Chromium is even obtainable in concentrate drops version & helps to control sugar yearnings.

  • Zinc is one of the contributory factors in numerous bio-chemical reactions which the bodies of humans continually perform. Being heedful about consumption of zinc is particularly crucial for individuals residing in coastal areas & having a preference for eating local-cultivated food varieties. This is since rains have a tendency of washing traces of mineral forms in the soils out to water sources & miniscule amounts taken up by the produce. Food forms high in zinc include:
    • Ginger.
    • Lamb chop.
    • Brazil nut.
    • Wheat germ.
    • Split pea.
    • Oyster.
    • Pecan.
  • Food forms that are high in water-soluble fibre assist in lowering blood cholesterol while also controlling blood glucose. These include:
    • Legume like dried pea, bean, lentil.
    • Oat bran.
    • Citrus fruit.
    • Apple.
    • Barley.
    • Strawberry.
    • Oatmeal.
  • Whole-grain & legume carbs like:
    • Squashes.
    • Carrot.
    • Sweet potato.
  • Other foods that have curative powers and must be eaten on a regular basis are:
    • Whole rice.
    • Cucumbers.
    • Peaches.
    • Mulberry.
    • Pumpkins.
    • Moong bean.
    • Celery.
    • Cabbages.
    • Tofu.
    • Millet.
    • Blueberries.
    • Yam.
    • Daikon radish.
    • Spinach.
    • Buckwheat.
    • Cherry.
    • Watercress.
    • Liquid cholorophyll.
    • Alfalfa.

    It is best to steer clear from juiced fruits or dry fruits as they have high concentration of fruit sugar. Also too-sweet fruit forms such as banana, fig or pear must also be avoided.

  • Food forms that are high in phosphorus, iodine & silicon are:
    • Yellow of eggs.
    • Turnip green.
    • Milk of goats.
    • Wheat germ.
    • Swiss Chard.
    • Kelp.
    • Seeds, nuts.
    • Cod roe.
    • Sesame seeds butter.
    • Dulse.
  • For shielding cardiovascular system & blood vessels, augment intake of your omega (3 & 6) fatty acids present in foods like:
    • Vegetables, Seeds or nut based oil.
    • Salmons.
    • Mackerels.
    • Herrings.
    • Sardine.
    • Walnut.
    • Oil from flaxseeds.
    • Evening primrose oil.
    • Oil of black currants.

    Such oils mustn’t be cooked and instead used as dressings over salads or as thickening for soups subsequent to their preparation.

  • Spice treasure that is widely deployed in Indian cuisine help in controlling diabetes like clove, cinnamons, bay leaves, turmeric.
Important Note

This is especially vital for kids. Latest trials have found a definite association of cow’s milk intake in kids and diabetes mellitus developing in them. Some experts believe that yoghurts (with existent enzymes that have undergone partial digestion) are safer and solely healthful diary product for people. It is believed that milk from cows at times contain high levels of bovine growth hormone & antibiotic presences.

Managing Gout In Diabetics Some Dietary Tips

Diabetics are at higher risk of developing gout, an arthritis type compared to a healthy individual. Below we have offered some dietary tips for diabetics suffering from gout.

Limit your daily animal protein intake; you should stop having red meat completely and must also try to avoid oily fishes and poultry that contain high levels of purines. These food types cause increase in levels of uric acid aggravating the symptoms of gout even further. According to medical experts, gout patients with diabetes should also avoid consumption of alcohol.
Gout in diabeticsDiabetics with gout should consume fish that contain low levels of uric acid. The serving size of such fishes must be small i.e. one serving should not contain more than 3.5 ounces of 100 grams of fish. The healthy options for such patients include mackerel and salmon and they should strictly avoid consumption of fishes like trout, sardines, herring, anchovies and tuna.
If you are suffering from both gout and diabetes, you diet must contain plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits. Vegetables and fruits are high in water content, which makes them tools for preventing formation of the uric acid crystals. Besides that raw vegetables and fruits also act as rich sources of fibers. Fibers work by absorbing the bile acids produced by our liver; bile is known to induce production of uric acid. By absorbing bile, indirectly fibers prevent the production of uric acid.
Fresh vegetables and fruits

Dairy productsDiabetics with gout must consume low fat milk and other dairy products. The other essentials in the daily diet plan of these patients should be foods containing vitamin C, essential fatty acids etc.
These patients must also increase their daily intake of potassium. Potassium deficiency is known to trigger increase in the levels of uric acid. Some examples of food items high in uric acid include:apricots , beets, carrots, avocadoes, cantaloupes, beans, bananas etc.

Tips For Increasing Blood Circulation In Feet Of Diabetics

If you are a diabetic, you must take care of your feet more methodically compared to a healthy individual. A condition called diabetic neuropathy results in nerve damage in diabetics; when the nerves of the feet are damaged, the patient might lose his ability of sensing touches partially or fully. The condition might become so severe that the patient fails to sense the pain caused by an injury in his feet. Diabetics also suffer from poor blood circulation. Impaired blood circulation results in slower wound healing. These two features of diabetes make the diabetics extremely susceptible towards situations that might require them to undergo amputation. To prevent any such possibility, diabetics must take proper care of their feet. In this article, we have discussed how diabetics can increase blood circulation in their feet.

  1. A diabetic must keep his feet elevated if he has plans of sitting in the same place for a long stretch of time. Using a soft, cushioned footstool for elevating the foot is advisable. Similarly, while lying down on bed, diabetics must keep their feet elevated by placing them on contoured leg cushions.
  2. There are certain activities that help in increasing blood flow all through our body; examples include cycling, dancing, swimming and walking. Diabetics should perform any one of these activities regularly. If the diabetic chooses walking as his exercising option, he should go for walking in soft surfaces like grass, dirt or sand. A diabetic must wear soft, cushioned soles in his shoes while walking for ensuring that the impact of his feet gets absorbed.
  3. If the diabetics need to sit in a place for hours, they should take breaks in between to rotate the ankles and wiggle the toes for 5 minutes. Doing this for a minimum of 3 times every day is necessary for increasing blood circulation in feet.
  4. Foot bath is another way of improving blood circulation in diabetic feet. Add Epsom salt to warm water and soak your feet into it; warm water will dilate blood vessels and improve blood circulation.
  5. Blood circulation is diabetics get impaired even more if they smoke any tobacco product. Smoking makes our arteries narrow and also hardens them, which in turn restrict blood flow towards different parts of our body including the feet. Thus, it is advisable that diabetics should quit smoking as soon as possible.

End to Daily Shots or Unremitting Blood Tests – New Transplant Treatment for Diabetes

A new-fangled transplant treatment for diabetes could spell the end to insulin shots for controlling diabetes and preventing grave hypoglycaemic episodes.

Diabetes is a prevalent long-standing condition wherein glucose levels in blood are quite soaring due to the body’s inability of appropriately using it. This occurs due to pancreas inept at producing any or adequate insulin.

Due to dearth of insulin for transporting glucose to other organs, the elevated blood glucose levels could have a damaging effect on the tissues and could cause sightlessness, failed kidney functioning, cardiac attack, limbs might need to be amputated and stroke.

People with dangerously low blood glucose levels need hospitalization for treating them.

Several individuals need to take lifelong daily insulin injections for which they have to compute the amount of glucose they would require for processing glucose in food that could be tricky task for gauging. However, it appears to work for half the diabetics having hypoglycaemia problems and recommended dosage for some people could be increased.

Excess insulin could lead to hypoglycaemia attack, when blood glucose levels plummet to dangerous lows that could cause coma and also fatality. The caveat indications of hypoglycaemia attack are extreme starvation pains and blurred eyesight. In other situations, several diabetics have been observed to pass into a coma without prior caveats.

Finger-pierce test are the norm for diabetics to check on their blood glucose levels. In this test, a blood droplet drawn following perforation to a finger tip that is to be placed on a strip that shows blood glucose levels and amount of insulin needed for injection.

But, irrespective of how meticulously one tries to do the finger-prick test, it is difficult in gauging precisely the amount of insulin required. Often the quantity and the instances when one eats, sleeps and exercises could all influence this.

Pump therapy is a form of treatment for diabetes wherein insulin delivery is done via catheter which is placed underneath the skin. The diabetic self-administers the insulin dosage when pressure is applied to the pump.

Pancreas transplant procedure is a major procedure at times recommended to diabetics wherein the pancreas which have insulin-producing cells are transplanted. Recuperation period following this surgery is about 3-6 months.

Islet cell transplantation is another kind of treatment for diabetes wherein insulin-producing islet cells rather than the complete pancreas is transplanted. Associated risks comprise of life-long immunosuppressant intake for stopping the body from discarding the donor cells, leaving them prone to turning anaemic, becoming cancerous or developing infection.

The lifespan of donor cells is 1-5 years and there is mostly shortage of donors. Hence, in case diabetics have critical issues due to hypoglycaemia then another transplantation procedure would be recommended.

Islet cell transplantation procedure is a thirty-minute lasting method wherein a dye in injected intravenously that is leading to the liver so that it appears on the X-rays. A needle is then inserted inside the vein and the islet cells delivered to the patient. The islet cells then stay in the liver and start producing insulin.

This procedure wipes out the monotonous need of day-to-day monitoring or shots and no more hypoglycaemia attacks or chances of the patients passing into coma is also eliminated.

Long Term Complications Of Diabetes

Long standing and especially uncontrolled diabetes affects the functioning of blood vessels of all sizes. The inner lining of the arteries (the blood vessels which carry oxygenated blood to the different parts of the body) has the tendency to become thick and rough.  The walls of the arteries also become thick and hard.

The flow of blood becomes sluggish in such arteries and the blood may clot in the lumen of the arteries. This is called thrombosis. The narrowing and blocking of the lumen of the arteries reduces the flow of the blood to different parts of body. However to some extent, this degenerative process in the arteries is part of the natural ageing process.

High blood pressure, smoking habits, lack of exercise, obesity, and an elevated level of certain fats in the blood contribute to this degenerative process. It is very important that a Diabetic should not smoke, reduce the consumption of alcohol, have a diet which is low in fat and salt, avoid junk food and foods high on cholesterol, restrict saturated fats in the diet, restrict the intake of sweet foods and keep a check on his blood pressure and blood sugar levels A protein diet is also very effective to keep diabetes in check.

A diabetic must eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables and indulge in physical exercises or outdoor activity to keep his weight in check.

A healthy lifestyle not only limits itself to keeping diabetes in check. It has far reaching benefits and slows down the aging process both internally as well as externally. Hence, it is surely beneficial to lead an active and healthy life and consume proper meals to keep ill health at bay.