H1n1 Swine Flu Vaccine A Handy Guide Part I

The 2009 H1N1 swine flu vaccine would become accessible in one’s neighbourhood quicker than what majority of individuals might have anticipated.

With almost everyone having a bevy of queries, here’s a useful guide to clear many a miasma.

When could the H1N1 swine flu vaccine become available?

In some locations, the vaccine will be obtainable even as early as 2nd October, with several states providing the vaccine starting the week of 5th October. In this opening week, an entirety of six to seven million vaccine dosages would have been spun out by the assemblage lines of 5 vaccine producers and would be circulated. Nearly half of those preliminary dosages would be flu injections; and about 3.4 million would be the FluMist nasal spray vaccination.

On what priority basis would the H1N1 swine flu vaccine be administered?

The FluMist nasal spray vaccination is permitted solely for healthy individuals in the age band of 2-49 years. The initial vaccine doses would be given to the health care employees that would be having direct contact with the patients, to the care providers and family members of below six months infants as small babies are highly prone to contracting flu leading to complications. However, infants only above six months can be given the nasal spray vaccine. The nasal spray vaccine is also not advisable during pregnancy.

However, the flu injections, dependent on the producer, are permitted for children that are six months of age and also deemed safe during pregnancy.

Who would get the initial doses of the H1N1 vaccine?

There are 5 categories that have been selected to be the initial ones to get the vaccine:

  • As pregnancy raises a woman’s likelihood of acute flu six fold, hence expectant women would be given top precedence.
  • Domestic members and care providers of infants lesser than six months of age. This would additionally include those working at day care centres. Infants are too small to be given vaccination and are more likely to contract severe flu.
  • As the younger age bracket is noted to be the most commonly affected by the H1N1 swine flu, hence those lying in the age group of six months to twenty-four years have been given first preference.
  • Health care employees and emergency medical staff.
  • Adults in the ages 25-64 having a medical condition like asthma, which raises the chances of complications due to flu.
  • The sparse initial doses of the H1N1 swine flu vaccine are intended to be restrictively given to sub-sets like toddlers below four years of age.

However, suppliers might probably not be too stringent, perceiving it better to promptly use the vaccine than to let it remain seated in the cooling racks.

Would there be adequate vaccine if one is not at the front of the queue?

The initial six to seven million doses is just the beginning. The CDC has stated that by 12th October there would be nearly forty million vaccine dosages that would have been dispatched. Subsequently, on a week-by-week basis there would be an expected shipment of twenty million dosages.

On the whole, the United States has bought 251 million dosages of the H1N1 swine flu vaccine. The United States has also contributed ten percent of the supply to countries that are unable to meet the expenses of buying the vaccine. This would leave 226 million dosages for the United States.

As grown-ups would require merely 1 dose and kids would require two doses, and as not all would opt to go in for vaccination, this would translate to all that want the vaccine, would get it  sooner or later.

What is the safety quotient of the H1N1 swine flu vaccine?

The H1N1 swine flu vaccine (injections and nasal sprays) are manufactured in analogous manner just as the seasonal swine flu vaccine.

On a roughly annual basis, the seasonal vaccine – that comprises of a constituent derived from the seasonal H1N1 virus – is amended to resemble a flu virus that has modified its genetic constitution. This similar form of tuning has lead to the formation of the H1N1 swine flu vaccine.

Hence, it has received the stamp of approval from the FDA as they regarded it as a mere strain modification and not a new-fangled vaccine.

Despite that, there are on-going long and short-lasting clinical trials. The outcome of the short –term trials show that except for the normal tenderness and perchance reddening at the jab site, the vaccines have no serious side effects.

The H1N1 swine flu vaccine just alike the seasonal flu vaccine is not suitable for all. The vaccine is made in the hen’s eggs, hence those having allergic reaction to egg might not be able to take it.

This is also no perceivable likelihood of long-lasting side effects, though the CDC is leaving no stone unturned in this regard. The CDC and the vaccine producers have upped their security examination process to watch out for anything dubious in persons that received vaccination against the new flu.

How safe is the H1N1 swine flu vaccine?

With millions slated to receive the vaccine, probability of something dire occurring around the same time they get the vaccine is bound to happen, for which the vaccine cannot be held accountable.

But, in a hypothetical setup if a woman were to suffer miscarriage soon following a vaccination? There would be daunting media reporting and the CDC would probe into the matter. However, public health specialists are cautioning individuals to comprehend that episodes like miscarriages are not unusual; and more time would be needed to understand if this is more frequent among women that underwent vaccination as compared to women that didn’t get vaccinated.

Who must go in for the H1N1 swine flu vaccination?

As it is a novel virus to which human exposure is a first time occurrence, hence all are susceptible to the H1N1 swine flu due to which all could gain from the vaccine.

Though citing among elderly persons past 65 years has till now been an atypical occurrence. However, there have been some adults past the age of 24 years in good health that have ailed severe consequences of swine flu. These sets of people are requested to wait till others have got the opportunity to get the vaccine.

Experts Take On Treating Nasal Blockage And Dribbling

Dribbling or Blockage in Nose

This highly bothersome cold and flu sign occurs due to the chemical known as bradykinin being released resulting in the big veins that line the nasal openings swelling up leading to water-like and afterwards a thicker consistency discharge being emanated with a rise in inflammation. There are many treatment choices, namely:

  • Vaporisers

    These are obtainable in ointment and oil form and have scented constituents that could assist in allaying a dripping nose or finding relief from the ‘stuffed or suffocated feeling’ by de-clogging the inflammation in the air passages. Eucalyptus and oils like peppermint, menthol, camphor act on the nasal receptors, constrict the flow of blood and hence lower inflammation.

  • Menthol-based nasal strips

    The placing of these strips is done below the nasal bridge for allaying obstruction as it lifts open the nostrils. The menthol helps to relieve inflammation in the air passages. The long-employed smelling salts having ammonia in them is yet another choice one could avail from the off-the-shelf chemist’s shop. Their strong-smelling nature helps to infiltrate the mucus obstruction, thus help to provisionally open the nasal passages.

  • Nasal Sprays

    These sprays have decongestants like oxymetazoline or xylometazoline that contract the blood vessels. They additionally aid in stopping mucous formation. In comparison to oral decongestants, nasal sprays are more effectual, as they do not need to pass via the gut and hence have swifter action.  Some experts even recommend the use of nasal sprays when sleep is getting hindered due to flu and cold.

Obtainable at:

These are readily available over-the-counter medicines.

Inapt for:

Though the use of scented ointments or oils on the chest region for thrice a day- or the inhalation of a tiny spoon suspended in steaming water is deemed safe for all to use, however one must confirm for infant usage with the chemist.

Menthol-based strips could generally be employed on a continual basis for nearly twelve hours till the time there is no skin aggravation.

However, decongestant nasal sprays have chemicals that could increase blood pressure, hence need to be evaded by those people having elevated blood pressure, a heart ailment, are diabetic or having liver and kidney ailments.

One must avoid using the nasal spray after 5 days as there is the risk of the nasal passages getting habituated to it and would not open in their absence. Also, nasal passages are not suggested for infants lesser than twelve years old.

Top Specialists Recommend:

In case of vaporisers, one could attempt using Olbas oil that has a potent mix of scented oils. One could also dribble a few drops onto a hand tissue or hot water for inhalation purpose. Breathe Right Nasal Strips and Boots Vaporise Pads are other beneficial products.

In case of nasal sprays one could use Vicks Sinex Micromist. One could even try using other helpful products like Ortrivine Adult Nasal Drops and Vicks First Defence.

A Dummies Guide to the Flu Vaccine 2010-2011 – Part II

Here are answers to commonly surfacing questions about the flu vaccine for the current year.

With the inclusion of the H1N1 vaccination in the seasonal vaccination what is the safety quotient

Following meticulous observation of the last year’s swine flu vaccination, after administration of scores of dosages there is no proof that vaccination was any lesser safer as compared to other vaccinations employed earlier.

Associated side-effects of the H1N1 swine flu vaccination was also quite analogous to the ones one notices in normal seasonal vaccinations. There is no suggestion that pandemic vaccination had any lesser safety quotient as compared to others developed. Hence, its inclusion in the current year’s seasonal shot would not be affecting safety patterns.

For kids below nine years of age what are the dosages of seasonal flu needed?

It is based on duo aspects:

  • If or not the kid received any swine flu vaccine &
  • If or not the kid earlier received a seasonal vaccine, when it was administered and the number of dosages they received.

Kids who received an earlier seasonal influenza shot as suggested & received merely a single dosage of the pandemic influenza A (H1N1) vaccination in 2009 – require merely a single dosage of the seasonal vaccination during 2010. These kids are credited for receiving the priming dosage in 2009, however solely in case they earlier received the seasonal vaccination.

Kids below nine years of age who did not earlier receive a seasonal flu vaccine would require getting duo dosages of the seasonal vaccination in 2010 – although they received the vaccination for pandemic (H1N1) 2009.

Kids below nine years of age that received an earlier flu vaccine however who didn’t receive the vaccination for pandemic (H1N1) 2009 would require duo dosages of the seasonal vaccination for the upcoming flu season.

In case a kid requires duo dosages of the flu vaccination, the second dosage should be administered no earlier than 4 weeks subsequent to the foremost dosage.

Kids are to be administered duo dosages of flu vaccination at a month’s distance apart. Wouldn’t one dosage of the vaccination offer some extent of shielding?

Currently, the numbers of dosages is impelled by the epidemic viral constituent of the vaccination. NIH researches have shown that kids fail in responding ably to a single dosage of the 2009 H1N1 vaccination. One dosage doesn’t offer able shielding to vast numbers of young kids. Statistics have shown that duo dosages are an absolute must. It could be quite a bother getting kids back again the subsequent month for the second dosage; however it considerably enhances the probability of the kid being shielded.

For women who have conceived why must they take the risk of receiving the flu vaccine?

Experts point out that the true risk is in not receiving the flu vaccine. It is a well-known fact that conceiving alters a healthy female’s possibility of acute flu sickness. Numerous cases of flu-related deaths among pregnant females have been reported in 2009.

Being pregnant enhances the threat of an expectant mother contracting flu to fall ill and need hospitalization and also death.

Since the flu vaccine is merely a protein which cannot cause flu in the individual, the gains of vaccine surely surpasses any likely threat from the vaccination itself. This holds true for maternal and fetal health.

There is a study indicating that infants delivered to inoculated females have a lesser likelihood of getting flu in their initial six months of life. And babies who contract flu have an increased risk of suffering of acute complications.

For breastfed mothers, is the flu vaccination apt?

Since there is dearth of ample research conducted on babies below six months for seeing whether the flu vaccination is safe & effectual for them hence it is not suggested for that age band.

However in case the vaccination is administered to a nursing female it would provide shielding to mothers and even indirect protection to the infant since mother-to-child transmission would not occur.

For people with egg allergy is there any type of flu vaccination they could take

Regrettably there is no flu vaccinations prepared sans eggs at present, though scientists are endeavouring to produce a vaccination in tissue culture rather that in egg.

Flu Shot Side Effects Jab Reactions

The seasonal flu vaccine shields from trio influenza viruses which studies indicate are highly pervasive in the flu season. It is of duo kinds, namely – the flu shot and the nasal spray flu vaccine.

The flu shot is a vaccine having the obliterated (inactive) virus which is administered via jab form, generally on the arm area. The flu shot has approval for usage among all over six months of age, inclusive of people in sound health & those with incessant medical problems.

The nasal spray flu vaccine (FluMist or LAIV) is prepared from live, attenuated flu viruses which is not causal to flu. It has the approval for using on individuals in good health lying in the age band of two to forty-nine years old that are non-pregnant. The current year’s flu vaccine would provide protection from duo influenza viral forms – influenza B & H3N2 virus along with H1N1. Following a fortnight of being vaccinated, antibody production offers shielding from influenza virus infection arising in the body.

Flu Shot Side Effects – What you need to know

Diverse side-effects could be linked to the flu shot & FluMist. Some mild-ranging local flu shot side effects which could arise are:

  • Tenderness, reddishness or swell-up at the jab site.
  • Ache or pain.

Systemic flu shot reactions generally arise six to twelve hours post-administration of flu shot, lasting just for one to two days are:

  • Low-grade fever.
  • Rashes.
  • Disquiet.
  • Muscular pains.

Allergic responses that could arise are giant urticaria, hives & anaphylactic reactions which could be life-menacing, though providentially atypical & could be activated due to remnant egg proteins among individuals with egg allergy or some constituent of the flu shot. People need to understand that procedures are in place to help individuals who are allergic to eggs to receive the flu shot.

In case such problems arise, they start immediately following administration of the flu shot & generally lasting between one to two days. In most individuals that were administered the influenza vaccination no grave issues due to it were encountered.

The viral forms present in nasal spray are diluted so that they don’t lead to grave symptoms mostly linked to the influenza sickness.

Among kids, side-effects due to the use of nasal spray comprise of:

  • Nasal dribbling.
  • Wheezes.
  • Headaches.
  • Puking.
  • Muscular pains.
  • Fever.

Among adults, side-effects due to the nasal spray could comprise of:

  • Nasal dribbling.
  • Headaches.
  • Throat soreness.
  • Chills.
  • Coughing.
  • Weariness or feeling weak.
  • Sinusitis.

A trial has shown an augmented occurrence of wheezing among young kids subsequent to have been given LAIV due to which kids that have experienced a wheezing event in the last year generally must not be given LAIV & must rather be given flu shot.

Relieve Chest Congestion with Home Remedies

Chest congestions can take place in form of a chronic condition or as an effect of bronchitis or common cold. You will get a number of OTC medications that are meant for treating chest congestion; however, the condition is treated most effectively with home remedies.  Below, we have discussed 4 of the most useful home remedies for chest congestions.

  1. Bol 2l of water and transfer it into a large pot. Put a towel on your head and bring down your face above the pot. Start inhaling the steam coming out from the hot water. Continue the process for ten minutes. For enhancing the effects of this remedy, you can add a few drops of eucalyptus or lavender oil into the water before inhaling the steam. This remedy helps in opening up your nasal passages and lungs by loosening the mucus buildup within the nose and lungs.
  2. Increasing fluid intake is another useful remedy for chest congestion. The more is the quantity of healthy fluids taken by you, the thinner will be the mucus stored in your lungs. This will make expelling the mucus much easier.
  3. You can also gargle by putting salt into water for loosening up the mucus in your chest. Drinking hot water by adding a teaspoon each of honey and lemon juice into it also works wonders in curing chest congestions. For making the lemon-honey remedy more effective, boil a slice of lemon in water for around 5 minutes; then remove the slice from the water and add half teaspoon honey and 1 teaspoon cayenne pepper to it. First, use this mix for gargling and then swallow it. This will not only offer relief from chest congestion, but will also sooth your throat.
  4. Drinking an infusion prepared from thyme will help in relaxing the congested lungs. To prepare the infusion add 2 tablespoon fresh thyme into a 1 cup boiling water; allow the thyme to brew for 5 minutes and then drink the mix.

A Dummies Guide To The Flu Vaccine 2010 2011 Part I

With the approaching flu season it is also time to get inoculated with the flu vaccine. Currently, the CDC recommends all to get vaccinated above six months of age. This advice and the addition of the swine influenza vaccination in the seasonal vaccination have raised queries.  Here is a detailed guide to clearing all miasmas.

Flu vaccine for all ages – Is it truly necessary

All could be benefited from the flu vaccination. Till last year, the annual recommendation was for all people apart from a diminutive age-group of eighteen to forty-nine years of age individuals who have not conceived and healthy. This group was lately included and all not wanting to contract flu could be benefited for the flu vaccine and is a sure life-saver for all.

For Healthy Individuals is it is necessary to get the flu shot

It has been observed that a number of acute ailments and fatalities have occurred among younger, comparatively healthy individuals. Several of these cases were below fifty years of age who were unaware that they were having risk factors for acute flu sickness.

Factually, majority of the flu-caused fatalities and acute sicknesses develop in the extreme age band – infanthood and aged people. However it is also capable of killing individuals in good health. Also many individuals who deem they are in good health might be having medical risk factors that they are oblivious about.

Also a person with no fundamental medical problem could develop a bad case of flu sickness, with absenteeism from work and a visit to the physician’s clinic becoming necessary. All this could be avoided by getting vaccinated. Additionally, inoculation of healthy individuals lowers their likelihood of developing flu virus caused infection and transmitting it to others at greater risk for complication like an infant or aged individual.

People who got the flu vaccine last year & developed flu after that – why risk it once more and simply avoid sick people

Many individuals subsequent to taking a flu vaccination develop flu-similar symptoms and there is a possibility of it happening. Subsequent to taking a dosage of the flu vaccination, around seven days is needed for the body to develop immunity. In case flu is circulating in one’s neighbourhood and exposure to it occurs then that person could become symptomatic within 2-3 days. Hence, it is likely that in case there is exposure to flu virus one could fall ill prior to the vaccination having a chance of working. Hence, many think that the vaccination was causal to the flu.

Even several types of virus-caused infections could lead to flu-similar sickness though it is not flu and the flu shot would not be protecting against it

People need to understand that the influenza vaccination is not capable of producing flu infection since it is lifeless with only the protein present in it. Hence most of these cases are sheer happenstance – either the shot didn’t get the time to take effect or the person contracted flu-similar infection.

The FluMist Inhalable Vaccine – Does it have the animate virus & could a person develop flu after its use

FluMist is a great choice for individuals in good health, below fifty years of age and who have not conceived. Although the virus is animate, its modification has been done so that it merely develops in the throat or nasal areas of the individuals and not getting inside the lungs. It is altered so that it cannot lead to lung infections.

Hence, following administration of the FluMist inhalable vaccine some extent of throat soreness may be experienced for 1-2 days however not causing flu alongside fever or coughing.

Is the current flu shot really necessary for people who have taken Flu shots in 2009 & earlier?

Since the flu virus is constantly evolving hence for better tackling it vaccinations are constantly updated.

Vaccination for 2009 differs from the current year’s shot. Trio varying viral forms could be causal to flu. Vaccinations protecting from these are part of the three-in-one seasonal flu shot. Any of the constituents are amended yearly since the virus that experts are keen on preventing continually change.

Regrettably, developing immunity to 1 of the viral forms in 2009 might not shield the person from 2010’s viral forms. Hence, continuously catching up is the need of the hour. Also perhaps one’s immunity tends to wane with passage of time, especially in case of vaccinations.

Scientists are still in the process of developing a single injection vaccination that has sensitivity to alterations in the virus which could shield for 5 years to a decade.

For People who contracted the infection at the time of swine flu epidemic is it yet necessary to get vaccinated with the current year’s flu vaccination

It is necessary even for these people to get vaccinated in the current year. In case one had contracted the flu at the time of the epidemic, one has possibly developed immunity to the swine flu virus. However there are several infections aping influenza & it might be other viral forms making the person ill. Not every infection mimicking flu is essentially flu.

Possibly scores of individuals contracted H1N1 flu infection last year, however it is tricky is deciphering which individuals contracted swine flu and those who developed flu-similar conditions – till they have undergone a viral  culture testing for corroborating the real presence of swine flu in their body.

The current’s year vaccination provides shielding from duo other flu viral forms. Also those who contracted swine flu last year would definitely not want to fall ill this year. Also individuals who contracted swine flu in 2009 would have boosted their immunity to the H1N1 constituent of the seasonal shot & hence these people would be getting added immunity from the other duo constituents of the shot.